The statement has been made, “the Scriptures are clear that we do not live under the New Covenant yet. The New Covenant era is described in Jeremiah 31. Go read it and explain to me how we’re in that era now. Secondly, the covenant with Adam is the same one we’re under now. It’s the same covenant as the one with Noah, with Abraham, with Moses, etc. It has been been renewed, not ended. Please read Matthew 5:13-20.”
As far as not being in the New Covenant. Jesus disagrees.
In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.
Not only that, but we see in Hebrews 7 that the perfection could not be attained through the Levitical system, and there was a need for another priest to come. We also see in this passage that there was a change of the priesthood and in the law and that the Old Covenant (“former regulation”) was set aside.
11 If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the law was given to the people), why was there still need for another priest to come—one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron? 12 For when there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the law. 13 He of whom these things are said belonged to a different tribe, and no one from that tribe has ever served at the altar. 14 For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah, and in regard to that tribe Moses said nothing about priests. 15 And what we have said is even more clear if another priest like Melchizedek appears,16 one who has become a priest not on the basis of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life. 17 For it is declared:
”You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek.” 18 The former regulation is set aside because it was weak and useless 19(for the law made nothing perfect), and a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God.
We see in the next chapter of Hebrews that the priest spoke of in Hebrews 7 was actually Jesus Christ.
6 But the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, and it is founded on better promises.
In fact, Christ made the old covenant obsolete.
13 By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.
And in fact, the Levitical system of offering sacrifces in the temple DID disappear, when the temple was destroyed in 70AD.
We are living in the New Covenant, as we see in what Hebrews 10:14-18 tells us has occurred:
14 because by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy. 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds.” 17 Then he adds: “Their sins and lawless acts I will remember no more.” 18 And where these have been forgiven, there is no longer any sacrifice for sin.
What other evidence do I have that we are not under the the Torah? I find the need to offer sacrifices at the temple something we have been freed from. Jesus offered one sacrifice for sins for all time.
But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God.
God love us, but He is a righteous, just, and holy God. He WILL judge us. Are you ready? Are you under the New Covenant?
So, no, those who trust in Christ, as having been sent by God the Father to suffer and die for our sins and raised again on the third day to show His divinity, are not under the Old Covenant. We are under the New Covenant.