What did Paul mean when he wrote of the need to repent?

What did Paul mean, when he wrote in Romans 6:15-16, that we should not sin?

15 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? By no means! 16 Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone to obey him as slaves, you are slaves to the one whom you obey – whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness?

What did Paul mean in 1 Corinthians 5:2-5 when he wrote that we should hand over the man who had “had” his father’s wife to Satan?

2 And you are proud! Shouldn’t you rather have been filled with grief and have put out of your fellowship the man who did this? 3 Even though I am not physically present, I am with you in spirit. And I have already passed judgment on the one who did this, just as if I were present. 4 When you are assembled in the name of our Lord Jesus and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, 5 hand this man over to Satan, so that the sinful nature may be destroyed and his spirit saved on the day of the Lord.

What did Paul mean in 1 Corinthians 5:11, where he to not associate with people who commit sins?

11 But now I am writing you that you must not associate with anyone who calls himself a brother but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or a slanderer, a drunkard or a swindler. With such a man do not even eat.

What did Paul mean when he wrote, in 2 Corinthians 12:21, that he would be grieved over those who had sinned and not repented?

I am afraid that when I come again my God will humble me before you, and I will be grieved over many who have sinned earlier and have not repented of the impurity, sexual sin and debauchery in which they have indulged.

The answer can be found in the Paul’s own words.

1 Corinthians 1:2

To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be holy, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ—their Lord and ours:

Romans 12:1

Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship.

Ephesians 1:4

For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love

Ephesians 4:29-31

29 Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen. 30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31 Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice.

1 Thessalonians 4:7

For God did not call us to be impure, but to live a holy life.

Titus 1:8

Rather he must be hospitable, one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined.

We are called to live holy lives, as defined by God. We are to become more like Christ. 

Acts 26:20

First to those in Damascus, then to those in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and to the Gentiles also, I preached that they should repent and turn to God and prove their repentance by their deeds.

Our faith in the fact that God sent Jesus to suffer and die for our sins, and raised Him again on the third day should change us. To repent means to change. We must change when we come to God. We are to turn away from sin, and turn to God. We are to have lives that follow what God has said in His word, the Bible.

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