What does it mean that God is independent?

Independence – God is absolute, the uncaused First Cause of all existing things, the ultimate ground of all reality, the one self-existent being who does not exist in any necessary relations.

A.  Self-existence.

1.      He has the ground of His existence in Himself, who exists by the necessity of his own being, while humans at a minimum need gene donors (parents).

2.      John 5:26. God has life in Himself.

B. Self-sufficiency.

1.                  He depends on nothing; rather, He causes everything to depend on Himself.

2.                  He is self-sufficient.

a.                   Romans 11:36, 33-34 – in thought

b.                  Psalm 50:8-13 – in life

c.                   Daniel 4:35; Romans 9:18 – in will

d.                  Psalm 115:3 – in power

e.                   Psalm 33:11 – in counsel

f.                   Psalm 94:8ff; Isaiah 40:18ff; Acts 17:25 – Causes all things to depend on Him (source of all existence)

C.                 He acts for His own sake. Ezekiel 20:9, 14, 22, 44; 36:16-38; cf. I Samuel 12:22. 1 John 2:12, 1 Corinthians 1:30-31.

D.                Areas of His independence:

1.                  In relation to creation – Isaiah 40:12-17; 41:2-7 – Transcendence

2.                  In relation to time – Isaiah 41:4; 43:13, 1 Tim 6:15-16 – Eternality (God is not contained in time, but time is contained in God.)

3.                  In relation to space – Jeremiah 23:23-24 – Immensity, Immanence, Omnipresence

4.                  In relation to change – Malachi 3:6 – Immutability

5.                  In relation to death – Isaiah 57:15, 1 Tim 1:17 – Immortality

6.                  In relation to error – Deuteronomy 32:4, Mat 5:48, Romans 12:2 – Infallibility

7.                  In relation to matter – John 4:24 – spirituality

8.                  In relation to weakness – Job 42:2, Psalms 147:5, Isaiah 46:11, Matthew 19:26 – Omniscience, Wisdom, Omnipotence, Sovereignty

9.                  In relation to sin – Malachi 3:6 – Purity, Righteousness, Justice

10.              In relation to rivals – Isaiah 44:8; 46:5,9 – Solitariness, Unicity

11.              In relation to Limitation – 1 Kings 8:27, Psalm 147:5, Jeremiah 23:24 – Infinity

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