Was the New Covenant given at the Garden of Eden?

The statement was made, “The new covenant was given in Genesis 3:15.”

This is an interesting thought. If the New Covenant had been actually been given in the garden of Eden, there would have been no covenant with the people of Israel when they left Egypt. If the New Covenant had been given in Genesis 3:15, there would have been no need for Christ to suffer and die. But in fact, the people WERE given a covenant for when they entered the land.  And Christ DID come to suffer and die to pay the price of our sins.

The New Covenant was promised in Genesis 3:15, but not actually given until Christ came and paid the price. In so doing, He ushered in the New Covenant – of which He is the mediator.

Hebrews 9:15
For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.

But Christ’s sacrifice was not made until He came to earth to suffer and die for our sins. At that time, He finished what needed to be done to bring us the New Covenant. And when He had made sacrifice, He sat down at the right hand of the Father.

Hebrews 10:12
But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God.

If the New Covenant had been given in Genesis 3:15, Christ would not have had to come to earth and die, nor would God have said ‘New Covenant’. No, the Old Covenant has become obsolete, being replaced with the New.

Hebrews 8:13
By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.

When the Old Covenant was made obsolete, when the new priesthood came to earth, the law was changed.

Hebrews 7:12
For when there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the law.

It is no longer necessary to be bound to the laws and ordinances of the Old Covenant, since its purpose has been fulfilled (Galatians 3:19) and we have been freed from it (Romans 8:2; Ephesians 2:15). As I have said, the old law teaches us good things, but we are to seek out and teach its principles, not follow it to the letter. We are not the nation of Israel, we are a new royal priesthood who offer spiritual sacrifices to God – not physical ones.


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