Ephesians 1:7-10

Last time, we saw that God is blessed by our responses to Him blessing us with every spiritual blessing in heaven. These spiritual blessings include the facts that God is our Father, Jesus Christ is our Lord, and that we were chosen by God before time to be adopted into God’s family. As I mentioned when I started this series, I was teaching through someone else’s curriculum  and it had Ephesians 1:1-14 in one lesson. It was way too much information to cover adequately. We have to realize that verses 3-14 are one big long run-on sentence in the original Greek, which has been broken up by translators to make it easier to understand. So I have split that into four lessons:  Ephesians 1:1-2, Ephesians 1:3-6, Ephesians 1:7-10, Ephesians 1:11-14.  Today, I will cover verses 7 to 10. The problem is that this passage has a lot of meat packed into it, and I have limited space and energy to cover it.

Ephesians 1:7-10

In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespassesaccording to the riches of His gracewhich He lavished on us. In all wisdom and insight 9 He made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His kind intention which He purposed in Him 10 with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth….

In verse 7, we see a continuation of yesterday’s message – we are no longer under the wrath of God. This time we see  that we are redeemed through the blood of Christ. To be redeemed is to be bought back. A modern day example of redemption would be going to Chuck E Cheese and playing video games where tickets are won. When one is ready to leave, they cash in those tickets for trinkets. A slightly older example of redemption is green stamps, where you would go shopping and be given green stamps which you would then fill stamp books with. Once you filled books with the stamps, you would trade in those filled books for various goods.  In the same way, Christ has bought us back from slavery to sin with His shed blood.

This redemption brings us forgiveness of our sins. The actual Greek word translated as forgiveness is Aphesis, which means

  1. release from bondage or imprisonment
  2. forgiveness or pardon, of sins (letting them go as if they had never been committed), remission of the penalty.

So to be forgiven is to be released from bondage or imprisonment of our sins – to have the penalty we should have to pay because of our sins not inflicted upon us. This forgiveness is abundantly given to us according to God’s grace, with which we have been lavished. The idea is that God has been quite generous with His grace when He forgave us. God lavished His grace upon us when He removed His wrath from us. We are no longer under the wrath of God, if we have had our sins forgiven. This forgiveness comes because of God’s grace, not because of anything we have done or will do.

Up to this point, we have seen that we are redeemed, that we are chosen to be adopted children of God – we have been saved. But now Paul tells us that In all wisdom and insight, God made known to us the mystery of His will. The Greek word Musterion is what is translated as mystery and means:

  1. hidden thing, secret, mystery
    1. generally mysteries, religious secrets, confided only to the initiated and not to ordinary mortals
    2. a hidden or secret thing, not obvious to the understanding
    3. a hidden purpose or counsel
      1. secret will 1c
    4. of men 1c
    5. of God: the secret counsels which govern God in dealing with the righteous, which are hidden from ungodly and wicked men but plain to the godly
  2. in rabbinic writings, it denotes the mystic or hidden sense
    1. of an OT saying
    2. of an image or form seen in a vision
    3. of a dream

The idea behind mystery here is not something which can not be known, but that this is something to which one must be initiated into so as to be able to know it. This was something which was hidden, but is now made known with all wisdom and insight. The Greek word translated as insight is Phronesis and means

  1. understanding
  2. knowledge and holy love of the will of God

And God did this according to His kind intension. The Greek word translated as ‘kind intension’ is Eudokia. This word means:

  1. will, choice
    1. good will, kindly intent, benevolence
  2. delight, pleasure, satisfaction
  3. desire
    1. for delight in any absent thing easily produces longing for it

So making the mystery known was God’s choice, based upon His benevolence, His desire.

So what is this mystery? Paul tells us the mystery is God’s will, His plan. Verse 10 reads, “with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth. In Him”

The Greek word translated as view is Eis. This means: “into, unto, to, towards, for, among.” The Greek word translated as administration is Oikonomia and means:

  1. the management of a household or of household affairs
    1. specifically, the management, oversight, administration, of other’s property
    2. the office of a manager or overseer, stewardship
    3. administration, dispensation

The idea is that God made His plan known because He is managing things in such a way that at the proper time, all things in heaven and on earth will be brought together, united, in Christ.

So this section of the passage shows us that we have been bought back from slavery to sin and have forgiveness of our sins because of the blood of Christ. In so doing, God has made known His plan, in which all things will be united in Christ at the right time.


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