Do Romans 3:31, 6:15, Ephesians 2:15 teach we must follow the Mosaic Law? Or are we under a different Law?

Some believe that Romans 3:31, 6:15, Ephesians 2:15 teach we must follow the Mosaic Law.

Let us start with Romans 3:31. It does not say to obey the Mosaic Law.

Romans 3:27-31

27 Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law. 29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one.

31 Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.

This is not speaking of the Mosaic Law, but of the law of faith. There is a law of faith and we are justified by faith apart from works of the Law. We do not nullify the law through faith, but we fix in place the law which points us to the need for Christ. But according to Romans 7:6, we have been released from the Law.

But now we have been released from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not in oldness of the letter.

Now concerning Romans 6:15, let us look at the context.
Romans 6:14-16

14 For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under law but under grace. 15 What then ? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace ? May it never be! 16 Do you not know that when you present yourselves to someone as slaves for obedience, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin jresulting in death, or of obedience kresulting inrighteousness ?

Notice, the text says you are not under law, but grace. Just because we are not under the law does not mean we should sin, however.
Romans 7:6

But now we have been released from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not in oldness of the letter.

Concerning Ephesians 2:15, you are incorrect about whether it is man’s laws of the Mosaic Law which was abolished.
Ephsians 2:14 tells us that Christ broke the barrier of the dividing wall between gentile and Jew. This would never be a law of man’s making, but the Mosaic Law.

4 For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the [l]barrier of the dividing wall,

We see this more clearly in Romans 4:15 where we see it is the Mosaic law which brings wrath.

15 for the Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there also is no violation.

Galatians 3:24-25 tells us that the Law was put in place to lead us to Christ so that might be justified by faith, and that we are no longer under the supervision of the law.

24So the law was put in charge to lead us to Christ that we might be justified by faith. 25Now that faith has come, we are no longer under the supervision of the law.

In fact, we are specifically told to not rely upon observing the Law. That everyone lives by the Law and who can not do everything in the Law is cursed.
Galatians 3:10-14

10 For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDE BY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TO PERFORM THEM.” 11 Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.” 12 However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “HE WHO PRACTICES THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM.” 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE”—14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

This is seen in James 2:8-11. This is NOT speaking of the oral Torah, but of the Law according to scripture.

8 If, however, you are fulfilling the royal law according to the Scripture, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF,” you are doing well. 9 But if you show partiality, you are committing sin andare convicted by the [j]law as transgressors. 10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of all. 11 For He who said, “DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY,” also said, “DO NOT COMMIT MURDER.” Now if you do not commit adultery, but do commit murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.

Again, if you try to live by the Law and fail on one point, you are guilty of it all – this same thing is in two places in Scripture. So NO, you can not live certain parts of it and ignore others. This is NOT saying we are not under a law – we are, the Law of Christ, or the Law of the Spirit of life in Christ.
Romans 8:2

For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.

1 Corinthians 9:21

to those who are without law, as without law, though not being without the law of God but under the law of Christ, so that I might win those who are without law.

Galatians 6:2

Bear one another’s burdens, and thereby fulfill the law of Christ.

The fact that we are under a different law is made more clear in
Hebrews 7:12

For when the priesthood is changed, of necessity there takes place a change of law also. 

So where the priesthood has been change (from the Levitical Order to the Melchizideck Order, with Christ as our high priest), the Law has been changed too. We are not under the Mosaic Law, but the Law of faith, the law of the spirit of life in Christ.

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One Response

  1. and that we might be the hands and feet of JESUS showing one another the depth and the breadth of authentic, Christ centered friendships.

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