Did Christ satisfy the wrath of God?

There are some who say that Christ did not satisfy the wrath of God.

I thought I would look at what the Bible says regarding this idea.

We first must recognize that we are justified as a gift of God’s grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus, who was displayed as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was done to demonstrate God’s righteousness. some want to end it right there, but verse 26 tells us God is the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

Romans 3:21-26

21 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, beingwitnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

More than merely being A propitiation, Christ is THE propitiation for our sins. But what IS propitiation? This word Hilasmos is what is used in 1 John 2 and 4. This means 

  1. an appeasing, propitiating
  2. the means of appeasing, a propitiation

1 John 4:9-10

 By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him. 10 In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.

Not only is Christ the propitiation for our sins, but for those of the whole world.

1 John 2:1-2

1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.

God is the justifier. God initiated the demonstration of God’s righteousness by displaying Christ as the propitiation for our sins so He could justify those who have faith in Christ.

We see in Ephesians 5:2 that Christ loved you and gave Himself up for us – AN OFFERING AND A SACRIFICE to God. This is basically what a propitiation IS.

 and walk in love, just as Christ also loved you and gave Himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma.

The word translated as propitiation is Hilaskomai. This means

  1. to render one’s self, to appease, conciliate to one’s self
    1. to become propitious, be placated or appeased
    2. to be propitious, be gracious, be merciful
  2. to expiate, make propitiation for

the Son of God appeased God the Father.

In fact, we can see that Christ died the substitutionary death for sins once for all.

1 Peter 3:18

18 For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;

 

Christ was made a high priest to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
Hebrews 2:17

 

Here, Hilasterion is used as propitiation. This word means

1. relating to an appeasing or expiating, having placating or expiating force, expiatory; a means of appeasing or expiating, a propitiation

  1. used of the cover of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies, which was sprinkled with the blood of the expiatory victim on the annual day of atonement (this rite signifying that the life of the people, the loss of which they had merited by their sins, was offered to God in the blood as the life of the victim, and that God by this ceremony was appeased and their sins expiated); hence the lid of expiation, the propitiatory
  2. an expiatory sacrifice
  3. a expiatory victim

 

So not only was Christ the sacrifice, but He was the high priest who made the sacrifice. And the sacrifice was to appease God. We see this in John 3:16-18 and 3:34-36

16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send the Son into the worldto judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18 He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 

John 3:34-36

 34 For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God; for He gives the Spirit without measure. 35 The Father loves the Son andhas given all things into His hand. 36 He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.

God the Father sent God the Son into the world so whoever believes in Him is not judged and has eternal life. But those who do not believe will NOT see life and the wrath of God remains on him.

 

So yes, Christ appeased God the Father. It took a perfect God to satisfy a perfect God who had been sinned against.

 

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