How should Christians understand Genesis 1-11, as history or as poetry?

So many want to take Genesis 1-11 as poetry and so say it is not histrorical.

Others say we MUST take Genesis 1-11 as history.

But how does scripture deal with Genesis 1-11?

We take Genesis 1-11 at face value because God references it as history, so the genre does not negate whether it is history.

In Exodus 31:12-17, God spoke to Moses and said He had made heaven and earth in six days.

Exodus 31:12-17

12 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. 14 Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. 15 For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death. 16 So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’ 17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”

Isaiah 54: 9 “

For this is like the days of Noah to Me,
When I swore that the waters of Noah
Would not flood the earth again;
So I have sworn that I will not be angry with you
Nor will I rebuke you.

Paul treated Genesis as historical, not as myth.

1 Timothy 2:13


For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve.

Jesus treated Genesis 1-11 as history.

Matthew 19:4-5


4 And He answered and said, “Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female, 5 and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’?

Matthew 24:37-39


37 For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah. 38 For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away; so will the coming of the Son of Man be.

So since God, Jesus, and Paul all referenced Gensis 1-11 as history, we should as well

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